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Moscow Polytech
1 December 2017

Students of the Moscow Poly are prize-winners of the National Intercollegiate Championship of the WorldSkills

From November 29 to December 1 the First Intercollegiate WorldSkills Russia Championship in professional skills was held in the 75th pavilion of the VDNKh exhibition. Participants demonstrated knowledge and skills in design, entrepreneurship, engineering technologies. At the awards ceremony on the 1st of December the Moscow Poly the following students were noted: Andrey Liubimov took silver in the competence “IT solutions for business”, Vladimir Kirkin took the 3rd place in the competence “Refrigerating equipment and air-conditioning systems”, and Maxim Slepchuk and Anastasiya Yakushina received bronze in “Entrepreneurship”.     

Over 400 contesters from 77 universities of the country competed during two days in 31 competences. All participants showed highest results in the course of qualifying stages at their universities, including the Moscow Polytechnic University. Each contester had to create a manufacture, device, business plan or a web product according to the technical specification within a certain number of hours, specified by the rules. The work was evaluated according to more than 200 criteria by six groups of certified experts. How in particular – remained a riddle for participants and spectators of the competitions. Communication with participants during implementation of the tasks is strictly prohibited. At the Championship not only a diploma and a winner’s medal are at stake, but employment as well – besides the experts there were potential employers watching the contest.

The Moscow Poly students and experts took part in competitions in 9 competences: “Refrigerating equipment and air-conditioning systems”, “Internet of Things”, “Industrial design”, “Entrepreneurship”, “Industrial robotics”, “Web development”, “Mobile robotics”, “Software solutions for business”, “CAD engineering design”. The university representatives made presentations also during the business program of the Championship.

Participants in the competence “Refrigerating equipment and air-conditioning systems” were supposed to assemble a refrigerating machine, switch it on, fix the operating parameters and detect the faults. “During the theoretical part the students had to calculate the working parameters of the refrigerating machine within 1,5 hours”, - said Deputy Chief Expert of the competence Aleksandr Fedorov. – “The second practical module consists of the task to assemble the refrigerating machine, draw its parts, check up from the standpoint of leakages, restore the vacuum state, to fill it with a freezing agent, switch on and fix the operating parameters”. As a result, the participants must have a working refrigerating machine, in one part of which the ice is being frozen, and on the other side the mechanism gives up hot air. The last module requires to find breakdowns in electric and hydraulic schemes within 4 hours.

According to the expert, currently Russia is in the competence “Refrigerating equipment” at the first place not only in Europe, but in the world as well – the national team member Vadim Poliakov got a golden medal in Abu-Dhabi. “We are giving our participants very complicated tasks, at the level of the World Championship”, - emphasized Poliakov, - “During the competitions in Krasnodar, 22 hours were given for the task, being implemented right now. At this Championship they have to carry out all modules within 16 hours”.

Industrial design deals with appearance and functional qualities of manufactures of mass production. Participants of the competence “Industrial design” developed a thermos for a city and a lunch-box. Every task had its “pitfalls”. For example, thermos had to be made according to the “Moodsboard”, where the color, shape and other parameters are indicated, which could lead the students to further implementation of the concept. The sketch of thermos on paper and its 3D model were evaluated as well.

“I developed a small thermos with a row of functions. The silicon strips can be used as handles. While in order to attach the thermo-mug to the backpack or a bike, it has a special opening for a carbine”, - says the Moscow Poly student Inna Kozhurina. – “The button which opens the lid is located at the level of the thumb, to make drinking with just one hand convenient. The thermos is washed easily due to the use of materials that cannot be damaged by a dishwasher”. One of the main evaluation criteria is the ability to present one’s invention. All the participants defended their projects in front of the experts and hypothetic customers.


At one of the oldest competences of the WorldSkills - “Entrepreneurship” the participants were supposed to present their business plan in Russian and in English, define the target audience, develop the idea of their business and write down the marketing strategy. “Many participants are already working professionals, intending to start their own business”, - tells us the expert of the competence Vladislav Pestov. – “They are evaluated by the teachers and qualifies experts, each of them puts the assessments in two columns – objective and subjective. For example, an idea of a company for extraction of minerals to be used for paints can subjectively seem very fortunate, but the students have not worked through the issue of economic efficiency and during the presentation could not show who is their target audience”.

Focus on the target audience is important also for the competence “Web design”. During the first task the participants designed a space game, drew design, graphic elements, developed the soft and the animation. The second module was devoted to development of the Web application for the sale of country cottages. “The participants have three roles: a user, which has not logged in, a customer and a realtor”, - says an expert Danila Sokolov. – “It is possible to place advertisements on this resource, comment, hiding away something for a realtor. And although there is a web site description in the technical task, the participant must define the target audience himself.” According to the expert, participants practically cannot receive the highest 3 scores, “To receive the maximum score one has to think of and implement something innovative. Something very far from the professional standard”, - comments Danila Sokolov.

The task for participants in the competence “Internet of Things” is to adjust a production line. They have to program several robots in such a way that each of them could implement his part of the work at the workpiece. The program that carries out the analytical part of the task, is positioned on the cloud, and thus the cost of production capacity extension is reduced. In addition, the technology allows to save time significantly. It is much faster to control several “smart” things at once via the cloud than program each robot separately.

In the competence “Mobile robotics”, before controlling a robot, one has to assemble it. And each team brings the parts of the automated device with them. The fact is that in real conditions the assembly of a robot takes around a month, and it is impossible to manage implementing the task within two days. That is why this is the only competence, where the participants know 70% of the task well before beginning of the Championship. At the contest their objective is to assemble the robot in a proper way and, as well, to adjust the work of all mechanisms and sensors. The ability of the device to define the obstacles and to move in various directions is checked up. The final assignment is to compel the robot put down the billiard balls into a special tube, and then to gather them on the site in such a way that the ball color would coincide with the picture on the field sides.

“Industrial robotics” differs from the mobile one in the fact that the manipulator, by which the students work in this competence, is static and weighs about a ton. Functions of this robot are plasma cutting, welding, mechanic processing of the parts. Participants must program the manipulator to carry out the mentioned actions with an accuracy up to a few millimeters. And in the end the students have to defend the project on introduction of manipulators in a new sphere. For example, participation of robots in disinfection of the laboratory instruments will help to avoid a human factor when composing solutions. While the use of manipulators in the work of ISS will reduce risks of mortality of astronauts.

Owing to computerization, the technology of designing the parts at production has been changed. Participants of the competence “CAD industrial design” give more and more time to computer 3D modeling, instead of a two-dimensional drawing on paper. Future engineers create not just an appearance of the manufacture, but also each part separately, with regard to the capacity of the future device. On the first day the students were designing a transmitter, on the second were finishing the design of a mincing machine, trying to make the body of the product ergonomic. In addition, they were supposed to present an animation of both devices, demonstrating their work, the mechanism of operation of the main parts and correctness of joining nodes.

The task for the students, competing in the competence “Software solutions for business”, is to prepare an application for automation of the management processes in the company. The students presented a ready product to the experts, performing a role of hypothetic customers. To carry out the task of the Championship, the students had prepared a system analysis, made a data base on the basis of the technical specifications and conducted their import.

In parallel to the Championship a business program was held. Experts from education and business discussed the future of the WorldSkills, demonstration exams and of secondary professional education, and, as well, interaction of universities and employers. Thus, in the end of the panel discussion “Improvement of the forms of region and universities interaction in the system of educational services market and labor market” the Moscow Poly Director for Corporative Relations George Shchelkanov mentioned: “The principal success factor in the work of a university with partners is availability of an explicit “entry point”. The university must be understandable for business, open to initiatives, while its adaptability is a competitive advantage. It is important that minimal time should pass from a moment the university receives a cooperation proposal and until a respective decision is taken and specific joint actions begin”.

Also at conferences and sessions the projects were presented by the universities – active participants of the WorldSkills movement, among which there is the Moscow Poly. The university teachers spoke of their experience in introducing the WorldSkills tools in curricula, demonstration exams, specialized competences centers. Deputy Dean of the faculty of computer science and management systems Ivan Chikunov spoke at the section, devoted to holding a demonstration exam according to the WorldSkills format.

“Since 2014 the Moscow Poly has been holding a practice-oriented exam, at present called a “demonstration” one. In the basis of the tasks the WorldSkills format has been laid as the most advanced and responding to the world standards”, - tells us the expert. – “We also plan to further improve the exams, including arranging an intermediate attestation of students. In addition we are developing a respective qualifying exam for the professional module of the secondary professional education according to our methodology manuals. A lot of new FGOSes have appeared recently, including on the program of TOP-50, and that is why new tools for evaluation of competences are required.

Dean of the faculty of computer science and management systems Andrey Filippovich took part in the discussion “The map of competences development in Russian universities” and spoke at the round table “Qualifying exams and Olympiads as a professional lift for the student youth”.

 

Reference

The Moscow Poly was one of the first universities to support the WorldSkills movement in Russia. In 2014 the university faculty of information technologies developed a methodology for evaluation of education results, based on the WorldSkills standards, and held an experimental exam during the winter session. Simultaneously 90 first-year students took it, from the IT training direction. The tasks were similar to the tasks in the competence “Web design and development”. In 2016 the Union “The Agency for development of professional communities and working manpower “WorldSkills Russia”, jointly with the Moscow Poly and with the support of the Education Ministry, held the First Intercollegiate WorldSkills Championship. In April of 2016 a cooperation agreement was signed between the university and the “WorldSkills Russia”. According to its conditions the parties join efforts to provide high-skilled personnel for the Russian economy and to develop professional education basing on the “WorldSkills International” standards. In October of 2017 two Moscow Poly students at once represented Russia at the championship “WorldSkills-2017” in Abu Dhabi (UAE). A Master course student of the faculty of information technologies Anna Derbeneva won the golden medal in the competence “IT solutions for business”, and a first-year student of the faculty of engineering Viktor Ryzhov – a medallion for professionalism in the competence “The teamwork at production”.


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